1.  Symmetry of Molecules: 
Concepts of symmetry in Chemistry – Symmetry operations – Symmetry Elements.
Molecular  Point  Groups  :    Definition  and  notation  of  point  groups,  classification  of molecules into C1, Cs, Ci, Cn, Cnv, Cnh , Dnh, Dnd, Cav Dah Td, Oh, Ih and Sn  (n=even).  Symmetry criteria for optical activity, symmetry and dipole mement.
2.  Inorganic Reaction Machanisms: 
Energy profiles of reaction – concepts of labile and inert complexes in terms of VBT and CFT.
Nu  cleophylic  substitution  reactions:    Acid  hydrolysis  –  Base  hydrolysis reactions.
Nucleophylic  substitution  reactions  in  square  planar  complexes:  Trans  effect, theories of trans effect and applications of trans effect.  Mechanism of substitution in square planar complexes.
Electron transfer reactions:  outer sphere and inner sphere mechanisms of electron transfer reactions.
3.  Organometallic Chemistry: 
Chemistry of organometallic compounds of Li, Na, Mg, Zn, Hg, Al, Pb, Sn
4.  Bioinorganic Chemistry: 
Importance  of  metal  ions  in  biological  systems.   Oxygen  transport  and  storage:  structure and functions of Hemoglobin and Myoglobin.
Vitamin B6 catalysed reactions  :  transamination, Decarboxylation, and Dealdolation reactions.  Role of metal ion in model system studies.
 5.  Coordination Chemistry: 
  Metal – ligand bonding – valence bond – crystal field and molecular orbital theories of stability of coordination compounds – its determinations – chelate compounds.
6.  Quantum Chemistry: 
  Black  body  radiation  –  plank’s  concept  of  quantization,  wave  particle  duality  and uncertainty  principle,  Eigen  functions  and  eigen  values,  Operators  –  Operator  algebra, Communication of Operators, well behaved function, Normalized and orthogonal functions.  Particle in a box – one dimensional and three dimensional –  energy and wave functions of particle in a box – degeneracy, application to the spectra of conjugated molecules.


7.  Thermodynamics: 

First law of thermodynamics and its applications – second law and its applications – Definition  of Free  energy  –  clapeyron  and  clausius  –  clapeyron  equations  –  activity  and

activity coefficients.

 8.  Chemical Kinetics: 

Collision  and  transition  state  theory.    Unimolecular  reactions  and  Lindamann’s theory, opposing, parallel and consecutive reactions, chain reactions, H2 – Br2 reaction, its rate law, General acid catalysis (Hydrolysis of ester) general base catalysis (aldol reaction) enzyme kinetics – Michaelis – Menton kinetics.

9.  Electro Chemistry: 

Theories  of  strong  electrolytes  –  interionic  interactions  and  their  experimental manifestation  –  Debye  Huckel  theory  of  activity  coefficients  –  measurement  of  activity coefficients and experimental verification of Limiting law – electrochemical cells and Nernst equation, Origin of blak e.m.f. in different types of cells.

10.  Surface Chemistry: 

Liquid interfaces – stability of interface – Gibb’s Absorption equation – surface films and Experimental methods  for  their study – Gas – solic absorption  isotherms and surface area measurements.

11.  Spectroscopy: 

Microwave  spectroscopy  –  selection  rules,  reduced  mass,  bond  length  from rotational spectra of diatomic molecules energy equation.

IR:    Anhormonic  nature  of  vibration  –  energy  equation  –  calculation  of  force constant  of  a    diatomic  molecule  from  vibration  spectra  –  group  frequencies  – identification of functional groups – hydrogen bonding – Cis – Trans isomerisation.

NMR:    Basic  principle,  Larmor  frequency,  Chemical  Shift  including  calculations, spin-spin  splitting –  first order  spectra –  double  resonance –  applications of PMR spectroscopy in structure determination.

12.  Stereochemistry: 

Symmetry  of molecules  and  criterion  for  optical  activity  –  different  configurational notations  –  asymmetric  induction  –  stereospecific    reactions  –  activity  of  nitrogen compounds  –  dynamic  enantiomerism,  conformational  analysis  of  cyclic  and  acyclic molecules – Cis, Trans isomerism.

13.  Reaction Mechanisms: 

Electronic effects, addition  to C = C and C=O, Aliphatic and aromatic nucleophilic and electrophilic substitution reactions.  Neighboring group participation.  Different types of Elimination reaction.  Various methods of studying the reaction mechanisms.  Generation, detection and stability of reactive intermediates.


14.  Carbohydrates: 

Structure  and  configuration  of  monosaccharides  –  reducing  and  nonreducing disaccharides – polysaccharides.

15.  Aromaticity: 

Criteria – different rules molecular orbital approach – annulenes – aromatic cations and anions – metallosenes – nonbenzionoid aromatics.

16.  Heterocyclic compounds : 

Synthesis and reactivity of simple 5 and 6 membered rings and fused ring systems.

17.  Alkaloids: 

Structure determination and  synthesis of Nicotine, Cocaine, Atropine, Papaverine, Norcotine, Quinine and related alkaloids.

18.  Terpenoids: 

Isoprene rule – Acyclic monocyclic and bicyclic mono-terpenoids.

19.  Aminoacids and Proteins: 

Synthesis  and  reactions  of  alpha  –  amino  acids  and  synthetic  approaches  to polypeptides – proteins, enzymes and coenzymes.

20.  Pericyclic Reactions: 

definition  and  classification  –  aromatic  transition  state,  molecular  orbital  and correlation  diagram  approaches,  4n  and  4n+2e  examples  of  electrocyclic,  cycloaddition and sigmatropic reactions.

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